Solutions to period pain and fertility problems are arriving thick and fast thanks to a new wave of femtech. Rosie Mullender talks to the digital innovators transforming our lives
Have you ever wondered why women still have periods or why breastfeeding isn’t easier? Perhaps you’ve questioned why childbirth can be so painful or why, until now, no femtech pioneer has considered inventing a ?
When it comes to tackling women’s health issues, medicine has historically lagged woefully behind. Dominated by male experts, industry attention has, until now, largely centred on men’s bodies and male experiences of illness.
The consequences of this imbalance can be startling: would erectile dysfunction studies outnumber PMS research by or an endometriosis diagnosis take if women had an equal footing?
Women’s bodies can respond differently to universal diseases and treatments, such as heart attacks, too, making a one-size-fits all approach deploringly inadequate. Yet various studies into the so-called have shown women are less likely to receive painkillers in hospital, and are more often misdiagnosed than men. Have a heart attack if you’re female and you’re to receive an incorrect diagnosis.
Thankfully, awareness of this inequality is greater now than ever before and female entrepreneurs across the world are taking matters into their own hands by embracing ‘femtech’ – or tech designed specifically to tackle women’s health issues.
These pioneers are addressing some of women’s long-standing health problems with cutting-edge tech, producing everything from , to devices .
Femtech mothers of invention
‘Ever since we started running events on femtech, we’ve noticed a hugely increasing interest from our global community in topics around women’s health,’ says Marija Butkovic, CEO of Women of Wearables (WOW), which supports and connects women working in wearable tech.
‘Personally, I’m a huge advocate for women and gender diversity in tech, and I’m particularly happy that women’s health as a category has become something where more investors are putting their money. That whole tech ecosystem has finally been recognised as a very important and relevant category, rather than a niche one.’
As Butkovic points out, working-age women spend 29 per cent more on healthcare compared to men. ‘Meanwhile, women’s health accounts for only 4 per cent of the overall funding for research and development for healthcare products and services,’ she says. But as more investors become aware of femtech’s potential, more women are finding the money they need to develop their products.
Ida Tin is a CEO is at the forefront of the movement. She invented the period-tracking app women better understand their bodies. ‘It all started with one question in mind: why has there been so little innovation in family planning since the pill came out?’ says Tin, who is also credited with coining the word femtech. ‘I was really puzzled as to why there were so few new products coming to the market for such a big, important problem.
‘I thought, “What if I could take out my phone and it would just tell me: Today, you can’t become pregnant?” I started looking into the tech I could use to create something new, but everything was about hormones. When we started out, digital was still very new and female health was not something that got a lot of attention. It wasn’t possible to build the app that I first had in mind, so we looked to build a cycle-tracking app instead. But today, Clue has over 12 million users.’
Femtech gets personal
Necessity lies at the heart of many emerging femtech products, with women like Tin identifying areas where available products simply aren’t good enough, and forging ahead to fulfil the need themselves.
Dr Sarah McDonald founded medical research company Baymatob following her own experiences of childbirth, and is developing a device called , which will allow for portable (and even remote) monitoring of pregnancy and labour.
‘I started this journey to ensure no woman goes through what I did,’ McDonald explains. ‘The birth of my first child went ahead without complications – I was able to move and birth as I needed, which helped to make it an incredible experience. But during my second, I had complications requiring monitoring and intervention. I was attached to an electronic foetal monitoring machine, and had two fist-sized plastic units tied around my waist – it was uncomfortable, cumbersome, and added a lot of stress to the process.’
As a mechatronic engineer, McDonald began thinking about how to change the status quo. But despite her wealth of experience, she had to go above and beyond to prove herself in the male-dominated world of engineering. ‘People wanted clinical evidence, so I ended up doing a PhD in medicine,’ she says.
‘Along the way, I asked people why, if they knew there was a problem for so long, there was no progress being made in finding a solution. The answer was always, “It’s not my job to solve that.” But if we keep thinking these problems are someone else’s, we’ll never see progress.’
Innovations in femcare
As well as products such as Clue and Oli, the femcare market – which isn’t strictly technology, but is ripe for innovation – is another area where female inventors are forging ahead. With such huge interest out there, it’s surprising that it took so long for so-called ‘period pants’ to be invented. But then Kristy Chong, creator of , came along and now, if you’re a woman, you’re unlikely to have missed her body-positive adverts popping up on Facebook.
‘I thought it was time to develop a better solution for women – one that was a bit more high-tech and environmentally friendly, so you could just throw on a pair of undies and off you go,’ Chong says. ‘I mentioned the idea to my husband, and he said, “If you’re going to do it, take a scientific approach.” So I spent the next two years developing our patented technology, eventually launching the brand at the end of 2013.’
As well as earning the eternal thanks of women everywhere, Chong believes femtech means women’s lives are set to change for the better in ways that have previously been left unaddressed. ‘They’re going to be much more empowered and in control,’ she says. ‘They’ll have better choices, and will better understand their bodies. It’s a really positive movement for women. There absolutely needs to be more female entrepreneurs addressing the taboo subjects women have faced over the years.’
Future of femtech
The femtech market is only going to grow bigger, says Butkovic. ‘Some of the biggest trends we’ve seen lately have been products focusing on women’s mental health, breastfeeding, and advanced fertility solutions that will enable many women to become mothers at a later stage of their lives,’ she says. ‘Sex as a category is also slowly becoming recognised as a regular part of everyday life for women, as well as for men.’
Tin hopes that, in the future, different areas of femtech will come together to shape women’s lives in a positive, scientific way. ‘Right now, women have their data scattered all over: at the GPs office, on your running app, in your period-tracking app, and I’d like to start seeing those data sets coming together,’ she says.
‘So many women out there struggle with fertility, and there’s a lot of work to do, so that’s something I’d love to see women in femtech developing, too.’
With pioneers like Butkovic, Tin, Chong and McDonald at its forefront, the future of femtech looks very bright indeed.