Why we need to bring IVF into the gender pay gap conversation

With a slew of industry leaders now offering women financial support for fertility treatment, author Caroline Corcoran asks why big business - and society - isn’t doing more to help prospective parents

When I underwent three rounds of IUI (intrauterine insemination) and IVF to conceive my two children, I was working for myself as a freelance journalist.

That meant that I wasn’t being paid while I sat in waiting rooms for my fifth blood test of the week; that I earned nothing each time I cried through my fear of injecting a cocktail of hormones into my stomach; that no one paid me when I took a bus to the hospital to have my embryos transferred, or the lining of my womb scraped, or any of the other myriad reasons you need to take time off from work when you’re going through fertility treatment.

If I’d been in a staff job during all this, my salary would have pinged into my bank account regardless of how absent, emotional or traumatised an employee I was. And, in many ways, that would have been a relief.

But honestly? I can’t imagine how you could go through fertility treatment while working a 9-5 job. And I suspect that, as IVF becomes more common, a lot of women feel the same, making it one of the biggest, most taboo contributors to the gender pay gap.

IVF and gender pay gap

Caroline Corcoran

Leaning out

Anecdotally, I know multiple women who have left staff jobs, stepped sideways or taken demotions to give themselves a better chance of getting pregnant. They wanted to do more yoga or have acupuncture in case stress was causing infertility. They wanted to inject themselves on their own bed instead of in office toilets. They needed to be able to jump when the hospital said jump.

Because the hospital will say jump. You don’t have any forewarning about that: your schedule is at the mercy of your body, your hormones, your cycle, your response and when the hospital calls. It’s an almost impossible demand if you’re working a strict 9-5 with a week full of meetings.

Fertility treatment is often a long, drawn-out process involving a plethora of procedures and years of dedication. You can see why women end up walking away from jobs they love and careers they are flourishing in.

Let’s get progressive

Thankfully, some forward-thinking companies, including Goldman Sachs, have announced that they will now provide financial support to prospective parents trying to conceive, which is an encouraging sign. In reality though, money is only a small part of the support we need to give employees who are currently leaving the workplace to try to have childrenAnd we need to adopt a more holistic approach to tackle some of the systemic problems women face.

For starters, there is currently no statutory obligation for employees to provide time off for fertility appointments. This needs to change. Access to mental-health services would help, too: less than half of workers going through fertility issues say they feel supported by their boss, despite the huge mental load that undergoing IUI or IVFentails

Flexible-working wins

The increasing number of women now undergoing fertility treatment is another reason why achieving a better work/life balance in the UK is key to closing the gender pay gapWhen you are going through a gruelling, exhausting round of IVF, you can’t be part of a show-your-face work culture eight  hours a day. Nor should you be expected to.

Of course, not every business can afford to sign staff off for potentially multiple IVF cycles. But many can embrace flexible working. Many can let women work from home occasionally to let their rollercoaster of hormones and heartache-induced emotions play out with a cup of tea in hand and a pair of pyjama bottoms on. That would certainly help to make the whole thing a little kinder; a little more humane.

IVF and gender pay gap

Caroline while pregnant

And, while we often focus on parents in the flexible-working debate, we should also acknowledge that those struggling to conceive need a bit of leeway too. At 3pm, you might not need to collect a child, but you may have to collect five different types of progesterone.

Flexible working also helps people to keep their personal choices just that: personal. It allows women to decide if, and when, they share their IVF journeys with their colleagues, rather than feeling pressured to reveal their struggle for fear of speculation about why they’re missing meetings.

That’s key. The thought of telling colleagues about what was going on in my womb, or seeing raised eyebrows when I muttered that I would be OOO again tomorrow, would have been a huge source of anxiety for me during what was already a very stressful time. The only thing worse than wondering if you’re ever going to get pregnant? Thinking everyone else is wondering it, too.

IVF: the new normal

In 2017, more than 75,000 IVF treatment cycles were carried out across the UK, with the number growing year on year. Let’s be clear, this is not a niche issue. The reality is that there’s a strong likelihood the woman you’re in a tea round with in the office is on seven different types of hormones; stores syringes in her bag; and jumps when her phone beeps in case it’s news about her embryos. IVF is now commonplace.

But as with many things, the working world is stuck in the past. Our current status quo is not set up for IVF because its systems were created at a time when neither were common. Put simply, the workplace needs to adjust to reflect the world we live in now – fertility treatments and two-working-parent families included.

IVF is just another reason why flexible working and a better work/life balance should no longer be a novelty. In fact, if we’re serious about tackling the gender pay gap in 2020, it is absolutely essential.

* Through The Wall (£7.99, Avon) is Caroline Corcoran’s debut novel and deals heavily with IVF and the emotional journey of fertility issues 

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