Ever wondered which drugs were trending during the Salem witch trials? Or, which year ecstasy rose to fame? We've made you a drug timeline to document the history of getting high...
The Salem witch trials and ergot
Bewitched… or just high? Ergot, a fungus that forms in old rye bread, causes hallucinations and leaves you feeling stoned – or, err, possessed. No surprise then, that most witch trials occurred in areas where rye was the grain of choice.
Not yet known for its addictive properties, opium was sold freely – and went by the name of ‘Mother’s Friend.’ It was thought to keep women quiet and calm – and was used to assist during childbirth and relieve PMT.
Cannabis was widely prescribed to cure various illnesses, but more so for diseases associated with women, such as gonorrhoea, uterine bleeding and labour pains.
Cocaine was commonly used to relieve aches experienced by women, such as cracked nipples, vomiting during pregnancy and painful intercourse.
During the 20s, cigarette manufacturers began to target women in their marketing campaigns. They linked the benefits of cigarettes to weight loss, and designed tips that wouldn’t stick to lipstick.
Although a prescription drug, Valium became one of the most overprescribed antidepressants for women. It was used to help them with ‘the daily struggles of womanhood’.
Though it has seen a huge resurgence on the club scene in recent years, ecstasy first appeared in popular New York nightclubs such as Studio 54 back in the 70s and early 80s. It was created in 1912 as a potential treatment for abnormal bleeding.
Cocaine and crack cocaine
Commonly taken by high-flying business types during this time, a survey in 1986 estimated that a massive 1 in 11 Americans had tried cocaine*. Back in the UK, crack-cocaine addiction was becoming a growing problem.
The hallucinogen, which first peaked in the 60s and again in the 70s, once more became a club favourite. Users enjoyed it for its mind-bending ‘trips’ lasting anywhere from six to 14 hours.
Commonly used as a horse tranquilliser, ketamine use had been growing year on year with an estimated 90,000 ketamine users in the UK*. As a result, cases of serious bladder problems (‘K bladder’) began to surface.
The Home Office says 47,000 women took New Psychoactive Substances (NPS) last year*. Experts warn these ‘legal highs’, which mimic cocaine, ecstasy and marijuana, could kill more users than heroin this year because they can be easily bought online.