But the Sundance survey finds female directors do fare better in independent films
A study commissioned by the Sundance Film Festival and Women in Film has found female directors are undrrepresented in Hollywood.
However, the gender gap is closing in the world of independent film - with equal male and female representation at this year's festival, which started on Thursday.
Overall, the survey found women represented fewer than one-third of the 11,000 directors, writers, producers, cinematographers and editors working on the 820 narrative and documentary films that have appeared at Sundance since 2002.
In Hollywood only 4.4 per cent of the top-grossing Hollywood films were directed by women, with 40 per cent coming through programmes organised by the Sundance Institute.
Female directors were also less likely to employ other women in their productions.
The gender gap in film-making has been an issue of contention for some time. Only one female director, Jane Campion (pictured), has ever won the prestigious Palme d'Or, for her 2009 film Bright Star.
Sundance organisers hope to use the study's results to create mentoring programmes to help increase the number of women working as film directors.
Marie Claire Newsletter
Celebrity news, beauty, fashion advice, and fascinating features, delivered straight to your inbox!
The leading destination for fashion, beauty, shopping and finger-on-the-pulse views on the latest issues. Marie Claire's travel content helps you delight in discovering new destinations around the globe, offering a unique – and sometimes unchartered – travel experience. From new hotel openings to the destinations tipped to take over our travel calendars, this iconic name has it covered.
Taylor Swift reveals when she actually started dating Travis Kelce - and why she's refusing to hide their relationship
She's opening up about it *all*
By Jadie Troy-Pryde
Forget the South of France in summer, winter’s the time to go
By Penny Goldstone
Feeling jaded by modern dating? Take a look at this
By Lauren Hughes