Gender pay disparity and why the pandemic may make it wider

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  • With the suspension of gender pay gap reporting back in March, lawyer Alex Christen investigates if the lockdown's economic fallout will only widen disparity between the sexes

    Before we reached the height of the virus, the government suspended the requirement for gender pay gap reporting back in March – an initiative introduced in an effort to eliminate the gender pay disparity – citing the coronavirus, and the unprecedented times of uncertainty and pressures on employers.

    This of course was inevitable, and understandable given the unprecedented circumstances, but after making huge strides in recent years to address the gender pay disparity, how will the impact of coronavirus and suspension of gender pay reporting impact on the progress made?

    The current pandemic poses an unprecedented challenge for all of us, but the impact might be even bigger for women – both during and in the aftermath of the crisis.

    As schools and nurseries remain closed, and childminding roles such as nannies and au pairs are put on hold, parents find themselves looking after their children 24/7. In many households, it is still statistically most likely that the mother will take on this responsibility, as well as continuing to take on most ‘silent chores’ like housework, cleaning and shopping.

    gender pay disparity

    Lawyer Alex Christen questions whether the pandemic will have dire consequences for women and the future parity of pay

    Why is that? According to the government, 40% of employed women work part-time, compared with only 13% of men. And according to the Office for National Statistics, a woman working full time earns, on average, 8.9% less than her male counterpart.

    So, in heterosexual relationships, women are potentially more likely to be the lower earners, meaning their jobs will be considered a lower priority when decisions must be made about childcare when disruptions like coronavirus come along. And this doesn’t take into account the number of single parent families across the UK, of whom 90% of are women.

    Many of these factors have contributed to a significant gender pay disparity. To help tackle this, since 2017 organisations with 250 employees or more are obligated to publish and report specific figures about the difference between the average earnings of male and female employees.

    Alex Christen, an employment lawyer at Capital Law, explains the government’s logic behind the suspension and where that leaves us.

    ‘The idea was to relieve businesses and reduce the strain on large company HR departments who are already under great pressure to cope with the changes brought about by the pandemic,’ says Christen. ‘Having one less regulatory burden to worry about, allows them to focus on more pressing issues.’

    The suspension of these reporting obligations is of course understandable. But after making significant progress in recent years to address the gender pay disparity, what does the onset of coronavirus and the suspension of pay gap reporting mean for the future of parity of pay, and the role of women in the workplace?

    gender pay disparity

    According to the government, 40% of employed women work part-time, compared with only 13% of men (Unsplash)

    Christen argues next year’s figures will be the most important, as they will provide stronger evidence on the pandemic affecting equal pay.

    ‘Despite this suspension, businesses can still demonstrate their commitment to a fairer workplace. Those who had already prepared their figures and reports in advance have been encouraged to publish them, and others should be prepared to turn their attention back to their reporting obligations once the crisis abates.

    ‘The figures in next year’s reports will reveal whether the period of furlough and the subsequent return to work have resulted in an increase, or a decrease, of the gender pay gap,’ explains Christen. ‘So, in the meantime, it’s critical that employers remain mindful of gender equity – especially when considering furloughing, laying off, or potentially making redundancies.’

    Although the news seems quite grim, Christen believes there are reasons to be positive. The huge volume of people now working from home every day, she says, represents the biggest opportunity in a generation for a cultural shift away from the more rigid 9-5 office-based working mentality.

    ‘Given the success of remote working and the technology available to us, it’s hard to see how an employer could reasonably refuse a request from men or women for flexible working – which anyone can ask at any time. Women will hopefully be in more control, not only of where they work but also of when they work during the day, so that it fits their other commitments.’

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